Worldwide Strategies

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Argentina

The agricultural sector is one of the most important economic driving forces in the country.

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Die Flagge Australiens

Ian Fieggen

Australia

The export of primary products supports the economy of the world's sixth-largest state. In particular, its agricultural produce such as wheat, wool, meat and wine are known all over the world.

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Austria

In the Alpine Republic, the bioeconomy strategy is based on the food industry, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and the timber industry.

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Belgium

The bio-based economy has a long tradition in the beer brewing nation – more than 500 beers are produced there. The regional division between Flanders and Wallonia is also reflected in research and industry.

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Brazil

The strongest South American economy is rich in bio-based raw materials. The Amazon country has unrivaled biodiversity. However, there is no bioeconomy strategy.

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Canada

A country rich in resources without a national bioeconomy strategy, but with numerous regional approaches.

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China

In the current 12th Five-Year Plan, the bioindustry is one of the emerging industries in the spotlight. The Plan for the Development of Bioindustry is about sustainable growth, as it also contributes to smart urban development. Tradtionally, biotechnology has been strongly promoted in China.

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Colombia

Ten percent of the world's species are represented in Colombia. The country recognises the economic potential offered by biodiversity.

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Denmark

Agriculture and the biotech industry – especially the production of enzymes – are among the strengths of the southern Scandinavians. Denmark does not yet have a dedicated national bioeconomy strategy.

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Estonia

Estonia, the most northern of the Baltic States, is still working on its own bioeconomy strategy.

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Finland

Finland’s dense pine forests are the central resource of its bioeconomy.

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France

The agriculture and food industries are among the most important economic sectors in France.

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Germany

Politically, Germany set the course for the bioeconomy at an early stage.

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Great Britain

Modern agricultural technologies, bioenergy and biotechnology are on the agenda for research policy in the United Kingdom.

 

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Iceland

Iceland plays a leading role in a bioeconomy alliance with Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Marine resources dominate the bio-based economy in Europe’s second largest island state. Iceland has teamed up with Greenland and the Faroe Islands to jointly develop a bioeconomy strategy.

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India

India is a pioneer in the production of biopharmaceuticals, but has also been developing its bioeconomy since the revision of its "National Biotechnology Development Strategy". A growing economy and rising population lead, among other things, to a steady increase in energy demand. This is also to be increasingly covered by biofuels.

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Indonesia

Palm oil is one of the most important raw materials of the biobased economy in this tropical country offering an abundance of resources.

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Ireland

There is a strong tradition of agriculture on the Emerald Isle, and of course, marine resources and fisheries also play an important role there. Industrial pharmaceutical production has also secured its place in Ireland.

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Italy

Green chemistry and biofuels are important pillars of the biobased economy in Italy.

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Japan

Japan is a highly industrialized country and, as a mountainous island nation, has special geographical conditions. These circumstances mean that Japan mostly has to import food, animal feed and biomass for industrial use, and bioenergy only plays a minor role. Biomass as a chemical raw material, on the other hand, has a long tradition in Japan. In a country with a strong research sector, the same applies to biotechnology. This is probably one reason why the bioeconomy strategy adopted in 2019 focuses strongly on the high-tech side of the bioeconomy.

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Kenya

Kenya has discovered the enormous economic potential of its biodiversity and has developed strategies to make use of these resources.

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Latvia

The Baltic Latvia is strongly influenced by agriculture and forestry. A bio-economic strategy was adopted in 2017. As a "data-driven nation", Latvia is also a pioneer in digitisation.

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Lithuania

The Baltic country is known worldwide for its industrial enzyme production. Since the middle of the 1970s, industrial biotechnology - particularly enzyme production - has been concentrated in Lithuania.

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Mali

Traditional bioenergy such as wood and charcoal are the main energy sources in Mali. In order to protect the forests, modernise the energy sector, and promote rural electrification, the country relies on the oil of the jatropha plant.

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Mauritius

The ocean is at the heart of the country's economic development. In 2013, the Mauritian government published a comprehensive roadmap on “Ocean Economy”, which outlines how Mauritius will transform to grow economically, create jobs and wealth.

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Mexico

Bioenergy is the focus of attention in the corn’s country of origin.

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Mozambique

The development of bioenergy is a top priority within the country’s political agenda. Since 2004/2005, Mozambique has supported the cultivation of the jatropha plant for biofuel projects.

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Namibia

In 2015, Namibia adopted its "National Program on Research, Science, Technology and Innovation". The strategy is part of Namibia's vision to become a prosperous and industrialised country by 2030. It was developed by the "National Commission on Research, Science & Technology" in consultation with numerous stakeholders.

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Die Flagge Neuseelands

New Zealand

New Zealand's bioeconomy is characterised by agriculture, the food industry and fishing - a bioenergy sector is developing.

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Nigeria

With the objective of diversifying energy sources and promoting agroindustrial development, Nigeria adopted its national "Biofuel Policy and Incentives" strategy in 2007.

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Die Flagge Norwegens

Norway

Norway gains its wealth from its plentiful natural resources.

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Paraguay

Paraguay has formulated a biotechnology strategy for agriculture and forestry.

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Poland

Poland is one of the largest agricultural nations in the European Union. Activities focus on biomass production and biomass processing.

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Portugal

Portugal wishes to use its plentiful maritime resources in an innovative and sustainable way.

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Russia

The bioeconomic activities in Russia are based both on natural resources and the development of biotechnology.

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Senegal

Senegal does not have its own bioeconomy strategy. The country primarily focuses on bioenergy and specifically on the jatropha plant.

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South Africa

The bioeconomy already found its way into South Africa’s innovation policy several years ago.

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South Korea

In 2006, South Korea was one of the first countries in Asia to focus on bioeconomy by adopting its "Bio-Vision 2016", outlining clear targets for biotechnology and bioeconomy development.

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Spain

After several years of preparation, Spain has launched its national bioeconomy strategy called "Horizonte 2030" (Horizon 2030). It commenced at the end of 2015 and, by 2030, aims to extend the Spanish economy to the area of sustainable bioeconomy.

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Sri Lanka

Inspired by political developments in South and Southeast Asia, the Sri Lankan Cabinet of Ministers adopted its "National Biotechnology Policy" in 2010. The strategy comes from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Science and Technology Commission (NASTEC).

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Sweden

Sustainable biomass production is being promoted in the wooded kingdom.

 

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Tanzania

Since 2010, Tanzania has had a "National Biotechnology Policy". With the deployment of biotechnology, the country wants to create the transition from agricultural self-sufficiency to an industrial economy.

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Thailand

Thailand does not have its own bioeconomy strategy, but is one of Asia’s pioneers with regard to biotechnology. Political strategies for the further development of biotechnology have existed since 2004.

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The Netherlands

The Netherlands is a leader in food processing. The small country on the North Sea is one of the largest exporters of agricultural products worldwide.

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Uganda

The "Biomass Energy Strategy", adopted in 2014, aims to maximise the benefits of its biomass resources. Similar to the "National Biotechnology and Biosafety Policy" of 2008, the strategy's objective is to initiate discussions to stimulate Uganda's growth, to improve healthcare and food security.

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Uruguay

Building on a biotechnology strategy, the potential for bioeconomy is currently being explored in Uruguay.

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USA

The United States sees an important economic future in the bioeconomy. The US bioeconomy strategy presented in 2012, the “National Bioeconomy Blueprint”, explicitly includes biomedicine.

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Vietnam

The food industry lies at the heart of the domestic economy in the Communist-controlled country in Southeast Asia.

Vietnam is a leader in fish exports from aquaculture such as tilapia, pangasius and shrimp. Its other major exports include rice, coffee and wood products. The cultivation of soybeans and sugar cane is also important for domestic agriculture, which accounts for 20% of gross domestic product (GDP), but makes up 48% of all labor. A national strategy aims to boost growth of the green economy.