The country has three strategies for energy production but no specific bioeconomy or biotechnology strategy. The three energy policy strategies include a national energy policy strategy, a renewable energy strategy and a biofuels strategy. In order to better implement the biofuels strategy, a "National Agency for Bioenergy Development" was set up in 2009. A particular challenge facing the country is the struggle against progressive desertification. The responsible management of Mali’s natural resources is also particularly important.
Traditional bioenergy such as wood and charcoal are the main energy sources in Mali. In order to protect the forests, modernise the energy sector, and promote rural electrification, the country relies on the oil of the jatropha plant.