The Ministry of Communications, Science and Technology developed the biotechnology strategy as part of its "National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty". The focus is on the modernisation of agriculture. In addition, there are also opportunities for the health sector, trade and environmental protection. There is no bioeconomy strategy.
Since 2010, Tanzania has had a "National Biotechnology Policy". With the deployment of biotechnology, the country wants to create the transition from agricultural self-sufficiency to an industrial economy.