Bioeconomy News

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Forests provide shade and coolness in hot weather. But periods of drought affect the photosynthetic behavior of plants and thus also the evaporation effect.

Drought alters photosynthetic behavior of plants

The cooling evaporation effect is reduced when plants shift their photosynthesis activity to the morning hours during a heat wave. The researchers have now been able to demonstrate this using satellite data.

Pandora-Pilz hat einen Birnenblattsauger infiziert und getötet.
The Pandora fungus infected and killed a pearleaf sucker.

New type of fungus against fruit pests discovered

The fungus Pandora cacopsyllae, which attacks the leaf fleas feared in orchards, could serve as a biological control agent in the future, according to a study.

Vergrößerung von grünen Pflanzenteilen mit weißen Flecken
Powdery mildew often attacks cereals, but also other plant species.

How powdery mildew outwits the defenses of plants

Plant researchers from Cologne have unraveled the molecular arms race in the evolution of plants and harmful fungi.

Modern plastics can withstand a lot, but they are not indestructible. Cracks can even destroy Lego bricks.

Mineral plastics now also biodegradable

Konstanz researchers have shown that the mineral plastic they developed with self-healing properties can now also be degraded by microorganisms through the use of a biopolymer.

links Wabenstrukturen in grau und 3D, rechts grünes hexagonales Wabenmuster
New biomaterials for industrial biocatalysis: enzyme foams form three-dimensional porous networks with stable hexagonal honeycomb structure.

Use enzymes as foams

As a novel class of materials, biocatalysts are particularly durable and active.

Samen Rizinus
Rizinusöl wird aus den Samen des tropischen Wunderbaums (Ricinus communis) gewonnen.

Biobased polymer thickeners from castor oil

Partners from research and industry have developed new synthetic routes for the use of plant-based polymer thickeners for rolling bearing greases, making them almost 100% bio-based.

Kultiviertes Fleisch aus Muskelzellen in der Petrischale
Animal muscle cells were used and propagated for the in vitro burger.

More interest in cultured meat

A survey by Bitkom Research shows: More and more people can imagine eating cell-based meat from 3D printers and see this as a contribution to more sustainable food production.

Forscher wollen Chinaschilf (Miscanthus sinensis) als Biomasse zur Energiegewinnung und Ausgangsstoffe für neue Produkte etablieren.
The reed grass Miscanthus provides biomass for a wide variety of applications.

Pulp from miscanthus grass

Researchers at Munich University of Applied Sciences want to establish annual plants such as miscanthus as an alternative raw material to wood for the paper industry.

graues ovales Tier mit Einkerbungen und Fühlern
The giant springtail Tetrodontophora bielanensis keeps its skin clean with the help of cholesterol.

Cholesterol layer keeps out biological contaminants

Researchers have discovered an effect in springtails that could be used to make new materials.

Pilot- und Demonstrationsanlage Leuna
In biobased refineries (pictured: CBP pilot plant in Leuna), the aim is to utilize the raw material biomass as efficiently and sustainably as possible.

Study examines acceptance of biobased innovations in the Rhineland

The implementation of the bioeconomy strategy in North Rhine-Westphalia can only succeed if the population is involved and the benefits of biobased technologies are highlighted more clearly.

Lago Maggiore
According to a study, Lake Maggiore in Italy is one of the lakes with the highest microplastic pollution.

Freshwater heavily polluted with microplastics

Even in remote mountain lakes, the researchers found higher concentrations of microplastics than in subtropical trash swirls.

Blick auf ein Klärbecken
A basin of the wastewater treatment plant in Bremen, where the initial sludge was sampled and the NO-breathing bacteria live.

Nitric oxide metabolizing bacteria cultivated

For the first time, it has been possible to study organisms that feed on nitric oxide in greater detail.

Wheat is usually grown as a pure crop.

Revitalize wheat fields with herbs

In Hesse, the cultivation of deep-rooted spice plants in wheat fields is being tested to improve the nutrient and water supply of the soil.

Anlagenaufbau aus Gasleitungen und Druckmessern
In power-to-X processes, carbon dioxide (CO2) is converted into high-grade fuels for aircraft, ships, trucks and agricultural machinery by reacting with electrolytically produced hydrogen.

Bavaria promotes research into climate-neutral fuels

Two Fraunhofer institutes are being funded by the Free State of Bavaria with almost 12 million euros for the development of climate-neutral fuels from biomass and carbon dioxide.

Pilze, die auf einem Baumstamm wachsen
Fungi help plants absorb nutrients from the soil.

With Fungilyzer to the Bioengineering World Cup

Young researchers from Düsseldorf want to score points at this year's iGEM student competition in Boston with a biological fertilizer made from symbiotic fungi.

Konturen einer Weltkarte mit farbigen Punkten an vielen Orten
World map based on literature search and genome analyses showing locations where Streptomyces bacteria producing arginoketides have been isolated. This indicates an almost worldwide distribution of arginoketide producers.

When bacteria communicate with fungi

When streptomyces secrete arginoketides, other microorganisms react in ways they otherwise would not.

In dem automatisierten vertikalen Pflanzenzuchtsystem OrbiPlant vom Fraunhofer IME können pflanzliche Nahrungsmittel effizient und kostengünstig im Großmaßstab hergestellt werden.
In dem automatisierten vertikalen Pflanzenzuchtsystem OrbiPlant vom Fraunhofer IME können pflanzliche Nahrungsmittel effizient und kostengünstig im Großmaßstab hergestellt werden.

Veganz relies on Fraunhofer indoor farming system

For the cultivation of food crops, Veganz, a company specializing in vegan foods, has secured the licensing rights to the vertical farming technology developed by Fraunhofer IME.

UPM and VAUDE are jointly developing innovative outerwear as prototypes of a fossil-free future in the textile industry.

UPM cooperates with VAUDE in the production of sustainable textiles

UPM and VAUDE plan to produce the first fleece jacket from wood-based polyester. The biobased chemical is to be produced on a large scale at UPM's new biorefinery in Leuna.

In kleinen Bioreaktoren können die Forschenden die Bedingungen der mikrobiellen Elektrosynthese genau kontrollieren.
In small bioreactors, researchers can precisely control the conditions of microbial electrosynthesis.

Electrobiotechnology: Bacteria use hydrogen for biosynthesis

Leibniz researchers in Jena have demonstrated that bacteria use hydrogen for microbial electrosyntheses.

Ein Stützkunststoff aus 40 % PHBV, 10 % PEG und 50 % hochfeinem Kochsalz (im Bild die drei Prüfstäbe rechts) hatte die besten Eigenschaften für den 3D-Druck. Das Compound ist in Meerwasser vollständig biologisch abbaubar.
A support plastic made of 40% PHBV, 10% PEG and 50% ultrafine table salt (pictured, the three test rods on the right) had the best properties for 3D printing.

Biodegradable support structures for 3D printing

A biodegradable support material for 3D printing was developed at the University of Stuttgart from the bioplastic PHBV and common salt.