Bioeconomy News

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Der Querschnitt einer wenige Mikrometer dicken Mehrlagenfolie zeigt, dass für Lebensmittelverpackungen meist unterschiedliche Materialien kombiniert werden.
The cross-section of a multilayer film only micrometers thick shows that different materials are usually combined for food packaging.

Bio-based food wrappings

Partners from research and industry want to develop multilayer packaging materials based on chitosan and at the same time work out a corresponding method for quality control.

Leuna Chemiepark
The chemical park in Leuna is growing around a giant biorefinery that will use the raw material wood to create biochemicals.

Finnish UPM plans biorefinery in Leuna

Big news for the Leuna chemical site: The Finnish group UPM is investing EUR 550 million in an industrial biorefinery. The plant will produce green chemicals from wood.

Künstliche Zellen mit Kompartimenten. Magenta kennzeichnet die Lipidmembran, Cyan die fluoreszenzmarkierten membranfreien Unterkompartimente.
Artificial cells with compartments: Magenta characterizes the lipid membrane, cyan the fluorescence-labeled membrane-free sub-compartments.

Scientists build artificial cell

Max Planck researchers have created a synthetic cell that enables biochemical reactions and reacts to environmental influences.

Researchers want to modify plants such as tobacco in order to make them fit for climate change.

Plants to store more carbon dioxide

If we were to modify the metabolism of plants, they could bind up to five times more carbon dioxide than is currently the case. Bioinformaticians from Würzburg have run a simulation.

In Aquakulturen wie dieser Austernfarm wird häufig Phosphor zugesetzt, der größtenteils im Wasser verbleibt.
In aquacultures such as this oyster farm, phosphorus is often used, most of which remains in the water.

Aquacultures waste phosphorus

Overfertilization in fish farming pose a serious threat to ecosystems and food security, researchers find.

Altes Pommesfett kann ein wertvoller Rohstoff sein.
Old French fry fat can be a valuable raw material.

High-quality fuels from waste

Hamburg researchers are developing biodiesel without sulfur and nitrogen from french fry fat and electrolysis hydrogen.

Lichtmikroskopische Aufnahme von Mrakia fibulata sp. nov.
Light microscope image of Mrakia fibulata sp. nov.

New yeast isolated from tree sap

Braunschweig researchers have discovered a new species of cold-loving yeasts in tree sap.

Fraßschäden an Nutzpflanzen können durch Pheromone vermieden werden.
Pheromones can be used to prevent damage to crops.

Low cost production of pheromones

Pheromones are an effective weapon against plant pests, but their production is expensive. A European research team now wants to produce these messenger substances through biotechnology.

Weihnachtsstern
How about a mild creamy shade with tinted leaf veins? The poinsettia is the second most popular decorative plant in Germany.

New colors for poinsettias

Poinsettias are not only beautiful to look at but also robust. Growers are constantly creating new color variations of the popular decorative plant.

Die Tataren-Aster (Aster tataricus) enthält den Arzneistoff Astin nur, wenn sie den produzierenden Pilz C. asteris beherbergt.
The Tatarinow's aster (Aster tataricus) contains the medicinal substance astin only if it is home to the producing fungus C. asteris.

Fungus supplies herb with active substance

The Tatarinow's aster is well-known for its medicinal properties. However, a recent study shows it is a special fungus which produces the sought-after active ingredient astin.

Eislöffel aus Bioplastik
Products made of bioplastics are a growth market.

Bioplastics on the rise

Consumer demand for environmentally friendly products is growing: by 2024 this will lead to a global increase in bioplastics production of more than 15%, a recent market analysis by European Bioplastics shows.

Eine Schädlingsraupe befällt die Blätter einer Süßkartoffel.
A pest caterpillar attacks the leaves of a sweet potato.

Sweet potatoes raise alarm with fragrance

When insects attack, certain varieties of sweet potatoes release a fragrance that causes neighboring plants to start defending themselves.

Das Bakterium Escherichia coli – hier 10.000-fach vergrößert in einer Elektronenmikroskopie – kann so verändert werden, dass es Kohlendioxid als Kohlenstoffquelle nutzt.
The bacterium Escherichia coli - here enlarged 10,000 times using electron microscopy - can be modified to use carbon dioxide as a carbon source.

Bacteria adapted to feed on CO2

Bioengineers have reprogrammed E. coli bacteria so that they can use CO2 as a carbon source.

Die Fasern aus alten Handtüchern könnten künftig wieder zu neuen Handtüchern werden.
The fibers from old towels could be used again for new towels.

New textiles from old fibers

In the DiTex pilot project, a research team is focusing on recycling fabric fibers and on intelligent labels.

Die Leopoldina hat gemeinsam mit der Union der Wissenschaftsakademien und der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft ein Positionspapier zur Genom-Editierung veröffentlicht.
he Leopoldina, together with the Union of the Academies of Science and the German Research Foundation, has published a position paper on genome editing.

Call for new rules for GMOs

Science academies and the German Research Foundation are urging EU legislators to reconsider the regulation for genetically modified organisms.

The Plant Milking Technology developed by PAT cultivates plants under aeroponic and optimized conditions. The substances are produced by gentle exudation over the roots.

Clariant: Cosmetics from roots

Clariant has secured access to a unique technology through a strategic partnership with Plant Advanced Technologies (PAT): The French company extracts certain plant ingredients from roots.

Mit dem Gehalt an Hydrogencarbonat ändert sich, welche Wasserpflanzen in einem See leben.
The hydrogen carbonate content affects which aquatic plants live in a lake.

Deforestation and fertilizer change water ecosystems

Aquatic plants that use hydrogen carbonate as a carbon source are increasingly displacing those that use carbon dioxide.

In der Jochalge Zygnema circumcarinatum fand das Forschungsteam ein Gen, das bei der Stressbewältigung eine Rolle spielen könnte
In the Zygnema circumcarinatum alga, the research team found a gene that might play a role in stress management.

How land plants control stress

How land plants cope with stress is not primarily controlled by hormones. An international team of researchers found out that a gene set regulates the process right off the bat.

Tableware made of bamboo fibers is an alternative to plastic tableware.

Bamboo dishes: Beware of heat!

Not every bamboo coffee-to-go cup is suitable for hot food: Products made with synthetic resin release toxic substances, warns the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment.

Taucher sammeln Blätter des Neptungrases (Posidonia oceanica) in der Bucht von Calvi auf Korsika.
Divers collect leaves of Posidonia oceanica in the bay of Calvi on Corsica.

Oceans yield new antibiotics

Researchers have discovered a new source of antibiotics in the ocean. Planctomycetes are a marine phylum that has previously attracted little attention.